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redpipe pipa

Electronic bagpipe based on a  swedish Pipa design
Leather bag with a show drone and blowpipe
bag in red or in black

the redpipe pipa is a model with a show-blowpipe. The leather bag is stuffed with filling material.
The bourdons/drones, the chanter and the overblowing function are pneumatically controlled by pressing the bag. The amount of pressure, which is necessary to get the instrument going is adjustable to individual needs. So, the instrument can be played without applying a lot of pressure to the bag.

open, half open - Scottish (GHB), chromatic, vibrato,
Shepherd's pipe, Huemmelchen and Dudey, Renaissance, medieval Bagpipe ( in minor) and Gaita Gallega.

Scottish Highland Bagpipe (GHB), Smallpipe, medieval bagpipe and Gaita Gallega. The sound is sampled from the original pipes. The sounds are microprocessor controlled and are modified along the keys.

Real Bagpipe Sound
With a traditional bagpipe the tone is in the beginning and the end of a tune a bit lower depending on the appropriate air pressure in the bag. This typical characteristic of a traditional bagpipe is part of the redpipe functionality.

Keys can be modified in halftone steps.

The factory setup of the  redpipe is A 440 Hz . If modifications are necessary, while playing together with other instruments, the redpipe can be adjusted.
The pitch setting is global and does not depend on what instrument has been chosen. Keys can be switched and the total setup is still consistent with other instruments.

Bourdun instruments like bagpipes are normally just scale tuned. For studio recordings and for playing together with well tempered tuned instruments a switch to the well tempered scale is mandatory. The capability to switch from just scale to the well tempered scale is a standard feature of the redpipe

Basic Pitch
The basic pitch is switched together with the fingering table. 

GHB   basic tone: b flat
medieval bagpipe basic tone: a minor
french Cornemuse/Shepherd's pipe basic tone: g
Huemmelchen and Dudey  basic tone: c
Gaita basic tone: c

Bourdun/Drone Pitch relative to the basic pitch

  • Basic pitch/octav bourdun (standard setting): the bourdun provides the lowest tone of the chanter plus one octave.(e.g. lowest tone of the chanter is C: bourdun in C for C major) 
  • Quart-Bourdun: the bourdun provides a quart relative to the lowest tone of the chanter.
    (e.g. lowest chanter tone is C : bourdun provides F for F major)
  • Second-Bourdun: the bourdun provides a second relative to the lowest tone of the chanter.
    (e.g.: lowest chanter tone is C - Bourdun in D for  d-minor or dorian)         

Bourdun fine tuning
The bourduns can be tuned. The tone level can be adjusted to the chanter. The sound volume of the bourduns
can be tuned as well.

eight fingering tables are available. All sounds are combinable with all fingering tables

Minimal   Great Highland Bagpipe  (open, without vibrato)
Standard Great Highland Bagpipe (GHB half open, vibrato)
Extended Great Highland Bagpipe (all halftones available,
extended scale,vibrato and overblowing)
Medieval medieval bagpipe in minor
French Cornemuse/Shepherd's pipe half closed fingering (only with french chanter)
Renaissance Huemmelchen and Dudey with renaissance recorder fingering
Gaita Gallega standart Gaita Gallega fingering
Gaita Gallega extendet Gaita Gallega ( halftones available,
extended scale,vibrato and overblowing)

Fingering tables

All redpipes can be overblown by 1/2 Oktave by opening the upper thumb hole or by putting more pressure
on the bag.

Realistic vibrato playing has been implemented.

The mode of a Scottish Bagpipe is myxolydic, which means that 2 tones are missing to play non celtic tunes.
That is why the redpipe is switchable between the mixolydic and the ionic mode.

The mixolydic mode
is one of the old, authentic modes used in church music. Half tones are between the third and fourth step and the sixth and seventh step of the scale. The rest of the intervals are full tone steps. Characteristic for these scales is the small seventh. All the other tones are major scale like. 

Ionic mode  
has been added to the authentic modes in the 16th century by Glarean. The ionic mode is the origin of all major scales with halftones between the third and fourth step and the seventh and eighth step. The rest of the intervals are full tone steps. Characteristic for these major scales is the big  third.

he metronome is a redpipe built-in feature. The selected beat generates respective sound clicks.
The LED blinks.


Line out 
The line-level is not controllable. External audio equipment or a radio transmitter are connected over a  6,3mm jack.

Standard earphones are connected over a 3,5mm jack. The sound volume is adjustable.
Appropriate for monitoring on stage.

A standard MIDI cable is necessary to connect the redpipe to MIDI equipment, e.g sound generators, sequencers, and Personal Computers.

The redpipe uses the MIDI-channel 1 for chanter data and the channels 2 to 4 for the drones data. 

two AA 1,5 V Akali-Mangan-Batteries